Hacking from Windows 3.x, 95 and NT

GUIDE TO (mostly) HARMLESS HACKING 

Beginners' Series #2, Section 3. 

Hacking from Windows 3.x, 95 and NT 
____________________________________________________________ 

This lesson will tell you how, armed with even the lamest of on-line services such as America Online and the
Windows 95 operating system, you can do some fairly serious Internet hacking -- today! 

In this lesson we will learn how to: 

· Use secret Windows 95 DOS commands to track down and port surf computers used by famous on-line
service providers. 
· Telnet to computers that will let you use the invaluable hacker tools of whois,  nslookup, and dig. 
· Download hacker tools such as port scanners and password crackers designed for use with Windows.  · Use Internet Explorer to evade restrictions on what programs you can run on your school or work
computers. 

Yes, I can hear jericho and Rogue Agent and all the other Super Duper hackers on this list laughing. I'll bet
already they have quit reading this and are furiously emailing me flames and making phun of me in 2600
meetings. Windows hacking? Pooh! 

Tell seasoned hackers that you use Windows and they will laugh at you. They'll tell you to go away and
don't come back until you're armed with a shell account or some sort of Unix on your PC. Actually, I have
long shared their opinion. Shoot, most of the time hacking from Windoze is like using a 1969 Volkswagon to
race against a dragster using one of VP Racing's high-tech fuels. 

But there actually is a good reason to learn to hack from Windows. Some of your best tools for probing and
manipulating Windows networks are found only on Windows NT. Furthermore, with Win 95 you can
practice the Registry hacking that is central to working your will on Win NT servers and the networks they
administer. 

In fact, if you want to become a serious hacker, you eventually will have to learn Windows. This is because
Windows NT is fast taking over the Internet from Unix. An IDC report projects that the Unix-based Web
server market share will fall from the 65% of 1995 to only 25% by the year 2000. The Windows NT share is
projected to grow to 32%.   This weak future for Unix Web servers is reinforced by an IDC report reporting
that market share of all Unix systems is now falling at a compound annual rate of decline of -17% for the
foreseeable future, while Windows NT is growing in market share by 20% per year. (Mark Winther, "The
Global Market for Public and Private Internet Server Software," IDC #11202, April 1996, 10, 11.) 

So if you want to keep up your hacking skills, you're going to have to get wise to Windows. On e of these
days we're going to be sniggering at all those Unix-only hackers. 

Besides, even poor, pitiful Windows 95 now can take advantage of  lots of free hacker tools that give it
much of the power of Unix.  

Since this is a beginners' lesson, we'll go straight to the Big Question: "All I got is AOL and a Win 95 box.
Can I still learn how to hack?"  

Yes, yes, yes! 

The secret to hacking from AOL/Win 95 -- or from any on- line service that gives you access to the World
Wide Web -- is hidden in Win 95's MS-DOS (DOS 7.0). 

DOS 7.0 offers several Internet tools, none of which are documented in either the standard Windows or DOS
help features. But you're getting the chance to learn these hidden features today. 

So to get going with today's lesson, use AOL or whatever lame on-line service you may have and make the
kind of connection you use to get on the Web (this will be a PPP or SLIP connection). Then minimize your
Web browser and prepare to hack! Next, bring up your DOS window by clicking Start, then Programs, then
MS-DOS. 

For best hacking I've found it easier to use DOS in a window with a task bar which allows me to cut and
paste commands and easily switch between Windows and DOS programs. If your DOS comes up as a full
screen, hold down the Alt key while hitting enter, and it will go into a window. Then if you are missing the
task bar, click the system menu on the left side of the DOS window caption and select Toolbar. 

Now you have the option of  eight TCP/IP utilities to play with: telnet, arp, ftp, nbtstat, netstat, ping, route,
and tracert.  
Telnet is the biggie. You can also access the telnet program directly from Windows. But while hacking you
may need the other utilities that can only be used from DOS, so I like to call telnet from DOS. 

With the DOS telnet you can actually port surf almost as well as from a Unix telnet program. But there are
several tricks you need to learn in order to make this work. 

First, we'll try out logging on to a strange computer somewhere. This is a phun thing to show your friends
who don't have a clue because it can scare the heck out them. Honest, I just tried this out on a neighbor. He
got so worried that when he got home he called my husband and begged him to keep me from hacking his
work computer! 

To do this (I mean log on to a strange computer, not scare your neighbors) go to the DOS prompt
C:\WINDOWS> and give the command "telnet." This brings up a telnet screen. Click on Connect, then click
Remote System. 

This brings up a box that asks you for "Host Name." Type "whois.internic.net" into this box. Below that it
asks for "Port" and has the default value of "telnet." Leave in "telnet" for the port selection. Below that is a
box for "TermType."  I recommend picking VT100 because, well, just because I like it best. 

The first thing you can do to frighten your neighbors and impress your friends is a "whois." Click on
Connect and you will soon get a prompt that looks like this: 

[vt100]InterNIC> 

Then ask your friend or neighbor his or her email address. Then at  this InterNIC prompt, type in the last two
parts of your friend's email address. For example, if the address is "luser@aol.com," type in "aol.com."  

Now I'm picking AOL for this lesson because it is really hard to hack. Almost any other on-line service will
be easier. 

For AOL we get the answer: 

[vt100] InterNIC > whois aol.com 
Connecting to the rs Database . . . . . . 
Connected to the rs Database  
America Online (AOL -DOM) 
   12100 Sunrise Valley Drive 
   Reston, Virginia 22091 
   USA 

   Domain Name: AOL.COM 

   Administrative Contact: 
      O'Donnell, David B  (DBO3)  PMDAtropos@AOL.COM 
      703/453-4255 (FAX) 703/453-4102 
   Technical Contact, Zone Contact: 
      America Online  (AOL-NOC)  trouble@aol.net 
      703-453-5862 
   Billing Contact: 
      Barrett, Joe  (JB4302)  BarrettJG@AOL.COM 
      703-453-4160 (FAX) 703-453-4001 
   Record last updated on 13-Mar-97.     Record created on 22-Jun-95. 

   Domain servers in listed order: 

   DNS-01.AOL.COM               152.163.199.42 
   DNS-02.AOL.COM               152.163.199.56 
   DNS-AOL.ANS.NET              198.83.210.28 

These last three lines give the names of some computers that work for America Online (AOL). If we want to
hack AOL, these are a good place to start. 

********************************* 
Newbie note: We just got info on three "domain name servers" for AOL. "Aol.com" is the domain name for
AOL, and the domain servers are the computers that hold information that tells the rest of the Internet how
to send messages to AOL computers and email addresses. 
********************************* 
********************************* 
Evil genius tip: Using your Win 95 and an Internet connection, you can run a whois query from many other
computers, as well. Telnet to your target computer's port 43 and if it lets you get on it, give your query. 
Example: telnet to nic.ddn.mil, port 43. Once connected type "whois DNS-01.AOL.COM," or whatever name
you want to check out. However, this only works on computers that are running the whois ser vice on port
43.  
Warning: show this trick to your neighbors and they will really be terrified. They just saw you accessing a
US military computer! But it's OK, nic.ddn.mil is open to the public on many of its ports. Check out its Web
site www.nic.ddn.mil and its ftp site, too -- they are a mother lode of information that is good for hacking. 
********************************* 

Next I tried a little port surfing on DNS-01.AOL.COM but couldn't find any ports open. So it's a safe bet this
computer is behind the AOL firewall. 

********************************** 
Newbie note: port surfing means to attempt to access a computer through several different ports. A port is
any way you get information into or out of a computer. For example, port 23 is the one you usually use to
log into a shell account. Port 25 is used to send email. Port 80 is for the Web. There are thousands of
designated ports, but any particular computer may be running only three or four ports. On your home
computer your ports include the monitor, keyboard, and modem. 
********************************** 

So what do we do next? We close the telnet program and go back to the DOS window. At the DOS prompt
we give the command "tracert 152.163.199.42." Or we could give the command "tracert DNS-01.AOL.COM."
Either way we'll get the same result. This command will trace the route that a message takes, hopping from
one computer to another, as it travels from my computer to this AOL domain server computer. Here's what
we get: 

C:\WINDOWS>tracert 152.163.199.42 

Tracing route to dns-01.aol.com [152.163.199.42] 
over a maximum of 30 hops: 

  1     *        *        *     Request timed out. 
  2    150 ms    144 ms    138 ms  204.134.78.201 
  3    375 ms    299 ms    196 ms  glory-cyberport.nm.westnet.net [204.134.78.33]  
  4    271 ms      *      201 ms   enss365.nm.org [129.121.1.3] 
  5    229 ms    216 ms    213 ms  h4-0.cnss116.Albuquerque.t3.ans.net [192.103.74.45]     6    223 ms    236 ms    229 ms  f2.t112-0.Albuquerque.t3.ans.net [140.222.112.221] 
  7    248 ms    269 ms    257 ms  h14.t64-0.Houston.t3.ans.net [140.223.65.9] 
  8    178 ms    212 ms    196 ms  h14.t80-1.St -Louis.t3.ans.net [140.223.65.14] 
  9    316 ms      *      298 ms   h12.t60-0.Reston.t3.ans.net [140.223.61.9] 
 10    315 ms    333 ms    331 ms  207.25.134.189 
 11     *        *        *     Request timed out. 
 12     *        *        *     Request timed out. 
 13   207.25.134.189  reports: Destination net unreachable. 

What the heck is all this stuff? The number to the left is the number of computers the route has been traced
through. The "150 ms" stuff is how long, in thousandths of a second, it takes to send a message to and from
that computer. Since a message can take a different length of time every time you send it, tracert times the
trip three t imes. The "*" means the trip was taking too long so tracert said "forget it." After the timing info
comes the name of the computer the message reached, first in a form that is easy for a human to remember,
then in a form --  numbers -- that a computer prefers.  

"Destination net unreachable" probably means tracert hit a firewall. 

Let's try the second AOL domain server. 

C:\WINDOWS>tracert   152.163.199.56 

Tracing route to dns-02.aol.com [152.163.199.56] 
over a maximum of 30 hops: 

  1     *        *        *     Request timed out. 
  2    142 ms    140 ms    137 ms  204.134.78.201 
  3    246 ms    194 ms    241 ms  glory-cyberport.nm.westnet.net [204.134.78.33]  
  4    154 ms    185 ms    247 ms  enss365.nm.org [129.121.1.3]  
  5    475 ms    278 ms    325 ms  h4-0.cnss116.Albuquerque.t3.ans.net [192.103.74. 
45]  
  6    181 ms    187 ms    290 ms  f2.t112-0.Albuquerque.t3.ans.net [140.222.112.22 
1] 
  7    162 ms    217 ms    199 ms  h14.t64-0.Houston.t3.ans.net [140.223.65.9] 
  8    210 ms    212 ms    248 ms  h14.t80-1.St -Louis.t3.ans.net [140.223.65.14] 
  9    207 ms      *      208 ms   h12.t60-0.Reston.t3.ans.net [140.223.61.9] 
 10    338 ms    518 ms    381 ms  207.25.134.189 
 11     *        *        *     Request timed out. 
 12     *        *        *     Request timed out. 
 13   207.25.134.189  reports: Destination net unreachable. 

Note that both tracerts ended at the same computer named h12.t60-0.Reston.t3.ans.net. Since AOL is
headquartered in Reston, Virginia, it's a good bet this is a computer that directly feeds stuff into AOL. But
we notice that h12.t60-0.Reston.t3.ans.net , h14.t80-1.St-Louis.t3.ans.net, h14.t64-0.Houston.t3.ans.net and
Albuquerque.t3.ans.net all have numerical names beginning with 140, and names that end with "ans.net." So
it's a good guess  that they all belong to the same company. Also, that "t3" in each name suggests these
computers are routers on a T3 communications backbone for the Internet. 

Next let's check out that final AOL domain server: 

C:\WINDOWS>tracert 198.83.210.28 

Tracing route to dns-aol.ans.net [198.83.210.28] 
over a maximum of 30 hops:
  1     *        *        *     Request timed out. 
  2    138 ms    145 ms    135 ms  204.134.78.201 
  3    212 ms    191 ms    181 ms  glory-cyberport.nm.westnet.net [204.134.78.33]  
  4    166 ms    228 ms    189 ms  enss365.nm.org [129.121.1.3]  
  5    148 ms    138 ms    177 ms  h4-0.cnss116.Albuquerque.t3.ans.net [192.103.74. 
45]  
  6    284 ms    296 ms    178 ms  f2.t112-0.Albuquerque.t3.ans.net [140.222.112.22 
1] 
  7    298 ms    279 ms    277 ms  h14.t64-0.Houston.t3.ans.net [140.223.65.9] 
  8    238 ms    234 ms    263 ms  h14.t104-0.Atlanta.t3.ans.net [140.223.65.18] 
  9    301 ms    257 ms    250 ms  dns-aol.ans.net [198.83.210.28] 

Trace complete. 

Hey, we finally got all the way through to something we can be pretty certain is an AOL box, and it looks
like it's outside the firewall! But look at how the tracert took a different path this time, going through Atlanta
instead of   St. Louis and Reston. But we are still looking at ans.net addresses with T3s, so this last
nameserver is using the same network as the others. 

Now what can we do next to get luser@aol.com really wondering if you could actually break into his
account? We're going to do some port surfing on this last AOL domain name server! But to do this we need
to change our telnet settings a bit. 

Click on Terminal, then Preferences. In the preferences box you need to check "Local echo." You must do
this, or else you won't be able to see everything that you get while port surfing. For some reason, some of
the messages a remote computer sends to you won't show up on your Win 95 telnet screen unless you
choose the local echo option. However, be warned, in some situations everything you type in will be
doubled. For example, if you type  in "hello" the telnet screen may show you "heh lelllo o. This doesn't mean
you mistyped, it just means your typing is getting echoed back at various intervals. 

Now click on Connect, then Remote System. Then enter the name of that last AOL domain server, dns-
aol.ans.net. Below it, for Port choose Daytime. It will send back to you the day of the week, date and time of
day in its time zone. 

Aha! We now know that dns -aol.ans.net is exposed to the world, with at least one open port, heh, heh.  It is
definitely a prospect for further port surfing. And now your friend is wondering, how did you get something
out of that computer? 

****************************** 
Clueless newbie alert: If everyone who reads this telnets to the daytime port of this computer, the sysadmin
will say "Whoa, I'm under heavy attack by hackers!!! There must be some evil exploit for the daytime
service! I'm going to close this port pronto!" Then you'll all email me complaining the hack doesn't work.
Please, try this hack out on different computers and don't all beat up on AOL. 
****************************** 

Now let's check out that Reston computer. I select Remote Host again and enter the name h12.t60-
0.Reston.t3.ans.net. I try some port surfing without success. This is a seriously locked down box! What do
we do next?  

So first we remove that "local echo" feature, then we telnet back to whois.internic. We ask about this
ans.net outfit that offers links to AOL: 

[vt100] InterNIC > whois ans.net   
Connecting to the rs Database . . . . . . 
Connected to the rs Database  
ANS CO+RE Systems, Inc. (ANS-DOM) 
   100 Clearbrook Road 
   Elmsford, NY 10523  

   Domain Name: ANS.NET 

   Administrative Contact: 
      Hershman, Ittai   (IH4)  ittai@ANS.NET 
       (914) 789-5337 
   Technical Contact: 
      ANS Network Operations Center  (ANS-NOC)  noc@ans.net 
      1-800-456-6300 
   Zone Contact: 
      ANS Hostmaster  (AH-ORG)  hostmaster@ANS.NET 
      (800)456-6300  fax: (914)789-5310 
  

   Record last updated on 03-Jan-97. 
   Record created on 27-Sep-90. 

   Domain servers in listed order: 

   NS.ANS.NET                   192.103.63.100 
   NIS.ANS.NET                  147.225.1.2 

Now if you wanted to be a really evil hacker you could call that 800 number and try to social engineer a
password out of somebody who works for this network. But that wouldn't be nice and there is nothing legal
you can do with ans.net passwords. So I'm not telling you how to social engineer those passwords.  

Anyhow, you get the idea of how you can hack around gathering info that leads to the computer that
handles anyone's email. 

So what else can you do with your on-line connection and Win 95?  

Well... should I tell you about killer ping? It's a good way to lose your job and end up in jail. You do it from
your Windows DOS prompt. Find the gory details in the GTMHH Vol.2 Number 3, which is kept in one of
our archives listed at the end of this lesson. Fortunately most systems administrators have patched things
nowadays so that killer ping won't work. But just in case your ISP or LAN at work or school isn't protected,
don't test it without your sysadmin's approval! 

Then there's ordinary ping, also done from DOS.  It's sort of like tracert, but all it does is time how long a
message takes from one computer to another, without telling you anything about the computers between
yours and the one you ping. 

Other TCP/IP commands hidden in DOS include: 

· Arp IP-to-physical address translation tables 
· Ftp File transfer protocol. This one is really lame. Don't use it . Get a shareware Ftp program from one of the
download sites listed below. 
· Nbtstat Displays current network info  -- super to use on your own ISP 
· Netstat Similar to Nbstat   · Route Controls router tables -- router hacking is considered extra elite. 

Since these are semi-secret commands, you can't get any details on how to use them from the DOS help
menu. But there are help files hidden away for these commands. 

· For arp, nbtstat, ping and route,   to get help just type in the command and hit enter. 
· For netstat you have to give the command "netstat ?" to get help. 
· Telnet has a help option on the tool bar. 

I haven't been able to figure out a trick to get help for the ftp command. 

Now suppose you are at the point where you want to do serious hacking that requires commands other than
these we just covered, but you don't want to use Unix. Shame on you! But, heck, even though I usually
have one or two Unix shell accounts plus Walnut Creek Slackware on my home computer, I still like to hack
from Windows. This is because I'm ornery. So you can be ornery, too. 

So what is your next option for doing serious hacking from Windows? 

How would you like to crack Win NT server passwords? Download the free Win 95 program NTLocksmith,
an add-on program to NTRecover that allows for the changing of passwords on systems where the
administrative password has been lost. It is reputed to work 100% of the time. Get both NTLocksmith and
NTRecover -- and lots more free hacker tools  -- from http://www.ntinternals.com. 

********************************** 
You can go to jail warning: If you use NTRecover to break into someone else's system, you are just asking
to get busted. 
********************************** 

How would you like to trick your friends into thinking their NT box has crashed when it really hasn't? This
prank program can be downloaded from http://www.osr.com/insider/insdrcod.htm. 

********************************* 
You can get punched in the nose warning: need I say more?  
********************************* 

But by far the deadliest hacking tool that runs on Windows can be downloaded from, guess what?  

http://home.microsoft.com 
That deadly program is Internet Explorer 3.0. Unfortunately, this program is even better for letting other
hackers break into your home computer and do stuff like make your home banking program (e.g. Quicken)
transfer your life savings to someone in Afghanistan. 

But if you're aren't brave enough to run Internet Explorer to surf the Web, you can still use it to hack your
own computer, or other computers on your LAN. You see, Internet Explorer is really an alternate Windows
shell which operates much like the Program Manager and Windows Explorer that come with the Win 94 and
Win NT operating systems. 

Yes, from Internet Explorer you can run any program on your own computer. Or any program to which you
have access on your LAN. 

*********************************** 
Newbie note: A shell is a program that mediates between you and the operating system. The big deal about
Internet Explorer being a Windows shell is that Microsoft never told anyone that it was in fact a shell. The security problems that are plaguing Internet Explorer are mostly a consequence of it turning out to be a
shell. By contrast, the Netscape and Mosaic Web browsers are not shells. They also are much safer to use. 
*********************************** 

To use Internet Explorer as a Windows shell, bring it up just like you would if you were going to surf the
Web. Kill the program's attempt to establish an Internet connection -- we don't want to do anything crazy,
do we? 

Then in the space where you would normally type in the URL you want to surf, instead type in c:. 

Whoa, look at all those file folders that come up on the screen. Look familiar? It's the same stuff your
Windows Explorer would show you. Now for fun, click "Program Files" then click "Accessories" then click
"MSPaint." All of a sudden MSPaint is running. Now paint your friends who are watching this hack very
surprised. 

Next close all that stuff and get back to Internet Explorer. Click on the Windows folder, then click on
Regedit.exe to start it up. Export the password file (it's in HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT). Open it in Word Pad.
Remember, the ability to control the Registry of a server is the key to controlling  the network it serves.
Show this to your next door neighbor and tell her that you're going to use Internet Explorer to surf her
password files. In a few hours the Secret Service will be fighting with the FBI on your front lawn over who
gets to try to bust you. OK, only kidding here. 

So how can you use Internet Explorer as a hacking tool? One way is if you are using a computer that
restricts your ability to run other programs on your computer or LAN. Next time you get frustrated at your
school or library computer, check to see if it offers Internet Explorer. If it does, run it and try entering disk
drive names. While C: is a common drive on your home computer, on a LAN you might get results by
putting in R: or Z: or any other letter of the alphabet. 

Next cool hack: try automated port surfing from Windows! Since there are thousands of possible ports that
may be open on any computer, it could take days to fully explore even just one computer by hand. A good
answer to this problem is the NetCop automated port  surfer, which can be found at http://www.netcop.com/. 

Now suppose you want to be able to access the NTFS file system that Windows NT uses from a Win 95 or
even DOS platform? This can be useful if you are wanting to use Win 95 as a platform to hack an NT
system. http://www.ntinternals.com/ntfsdos.htm offers a program that allows Win 95 and DOS to recognize
and mount NTFS drives for transparent access. 

Hey, we are hardly beginning to explore all the wonderful Windows hacking tools out there. It would take
megabytes to write even one sentence about each and every one of them. But you're a hacker, so you'll
enjoy exploring dozens more of these nifty programs yourself. Following is a list of sites where you can
download lots of free and more or less harmless programs that will help you in your hacker career: 

ftp://ftp.cdrom.com 
ftp://ftp.coast.net 
http://hertz.njit.edu/%7ebxg3442/temp.html 
http://www.alpworld.com/infinity/void-neo.html 
http://www.danworld.com/nettools.html 
http://www.eskimo.com/~nwps/index.html 
http://www.geocities.com/siliconvalley/park/2613/links.html 
http://www.ilf.net/Toast/ 
http://www.islandnet.com/~cliffmcc 
http://www.simtel.net/simtel.net 
http://www.supernet.net/cwsapps/cwsa.html 
http://www.trytel.com/hack/  http://www.tucows.com 
http://www.windows95.com/apps/ 
http://www2.southwind.net/%7emiker/hack.html  

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